An experienced editor gives advice getting your projects posted within an journal that is international
By Angel Borja, PhD Posted on 24 2014 Updated on 10 July 2019 june
Editor’s note: This 2014 post conveys the advice of a researcher sharing their experience and will not express Elsevier’s policy. Nonetheless, in reaction to your feedback, we worked so it reflects our practices with him to update this post. As an example, we have worked extensively with developmental psychology research topics researchers to raise visibility of non-English language research since it was published. – July 10, 2019
Up-date: as a result to your feedback, we now have reinstated the first text to help you observe how it absolutely was revised. – July 11, 2019
Just how to make a manuscript for international journals — Part 2
In this month-to-month show, Dr. Angel Borja draws on his considerable history being a writer, reviewer and editor to provide suggestions about preparing the manuscript (author’s view), the assessment procedure (reviewer’s view) and just just what there is certainly to hate or love in a paper (editor’s view).
This short article may be the 2nd into the show. The very first article ended up being: “Six activities to do before composing your manuscript.”divider
Dr. Angel Borja is Head of Projects at AZTI-Tecnalia, an extensive research center into the Basque nation in Spain focusing on marine research and meals technologies. Previously he had been also Head associated with Department of Oceanography and Head for the Marine Management region. Their main subject of research is marine ecology, and contains posted significantly more than 270 efforts, from where 150 come in over 40 peer-reviewed journals, through their long profession of 32 many years of research. During this period he’s got examined in numerous topics and ecosystem elements, having an sufficient and multidisciplinary view of marine research.
Find out more about their work on ResearchGate, ORCID and LinkedIn, and follow him on Twitter (@AngelBorjaYerro).
You checklist when you organize your manuscript, the first thing to consider is that the order of sections will be very different than the order of items on.
A write-up starts with the Title, Abstract and keyword phrases.
The content text follows the IMRAD format, which responds to your concerns below:
- Introduction: What did you/others do? Why did you are doing it?
- Practices: just exactly How did it is done by you?
- Results: exactly What do you find?
- Discussion: So what does it all mean?
The text that is main followed closely by the final outcome, Acknowledgements, References and Supporting Materials.
Although this is the posted framework, nevertheless, we usually make use of a order that is different writing.
Procedures to organizing your manuscript
- Prepare the numbers and tables.
- Write the strategy.
- Jot down the outcomes.
- Write the Discussion. Finalize the total results and Discussion before composing the introduction. It is because, in the event that conversation is inadequate, how will you objectively show the medical need for your work with the introduction?
- Write a clear summary.
- Write an introduction that is compelling.
- Write the Abstract.
- Write a concise and descriptive Title.
- Choose Keyword Phrases for indexing.
- Write the Acknowledgements.
- Jot down the Recommendations.
Then, I’ll review each step of the process much more information. But before you attempted to compose a paper, there are 2 essential things you really need to accomplish that will set the groundwork for your procedure.
- The subject become examined ought to be the very first problem to be resolved. Determine your theory and objectives (These goes into the Introduction.)
- Review the literary works associated with this issue and choose some documents (about 30) which can be cited in your paper (These would be placed in the recommendations.)
Finally, take into account that each publisher features its own design tips and choices, therefore consult the publisher always’s Guide for Authors.divider
Step one: Prepare the numbers and tables
Understand that “a figure will probably be worth a thousand terms.” Ergo, illustrations, including numbers and tables, will be the most efficient solution to provide your outcomes. Your computer data would be the driving force associated with the paper, so that your pictures are critical!
How can you determine between presenting your computer data as tables or figures? Generally speaking, tables supply the real results that are experimental while figures tend to be useful for evaluations of experimental outcomes with those of past works, or with calculated/theoretical values (Figure 1).
Whatever your preference is, no pictures should replicate the given information described somewhere else into the manuscript.
Another factor that is important figure and dining table legends must certanly be self-explanatory (Figure 2).
Whenever presenting your tables and numbers, appearances count! For this end:
- Avoid crowded plots (Figure 3), only using three to four data sets per figure; usage scales that are well-selected.
- Think axis label size that is about appropriate
- Add symbols that are clear information sets which can be very easy to differentiate.
- Never ever consist of long bland tables ( ag e.g., chemical compositions of emulsion systems or listings of species and abundances). They can be included by you as additional material.
Each must have a scale marker, or scale bar, of professional quality in one corner if you are using photographs.
In photographs and numbers, utilize color only once necessary whenever publishing to a printing book. If various line designs can make clear this is, avoid using colors or other thrilling effects or you’ll be faced with high priced costs. Needless to say, this does not apply to online journals. For several journals, you’ll submit duplicate numbers: one in color for the version that is online of log and pdfs, and another in black colored and white for the hardcopy journal (Figure 4).
Another problem that is common the abuse of lines and histograms. Lines joining data just can be utilized when time that is presenting or consecutive examples information ( e.g., in a transect from coast to offshore in Figure 5). But, if you find no connection between examples or there isn’t a gradient, you need to utilize histograms (Figure 5).
Often, fonts are way too little for the journal. You need to simply simply take this under consideration, or they may be illegible to visitors (Figure 6).
Finally, you need to look closely at the utilization of decimals, lines, etc. (Figure 7)
Step 2: Compose the strategy
This section reacts towards the question of the way the issue had been studied. When your paper is proposing a brand new technique, you will need to add detailed information so a qualified audience can replicate the test.
Nonetheless, don’t repeat the main points of established techniques; usage recommendations and materials that are supporting suggest the formerly posted procedures. Broad summaries or key recommendations are enough.